Web Content Display Web Content Display

Note:
The Annotations include basic terms from the portal and are described in a way that is comprehensible to as wide an audience as possible.

 

term annotation
2D objects Two-dimensional art-pieces and maps, e.g. photographs, engravings, paintings, posters and post-cards
3D small objects Three-dimensional art-pieces and other personal chattels or collective items, including objects from the collections of museums or archaeological funds, statues, museum artefacts created by man (up to 10/100/over 100 cm) and natural museum artefacts
3D large objects Three-dimensional assets, estates, remains, reservations, sanctuaries, archaeological sites and historical plant-scape
3D scan Computerized account of a three-dimensional object
Almanac Non-periodical publication containing separate contributions, usually topically related, connected into one volume under a common name. A file of related scientific, artistic and other works; an almanac of folk-songs, an almanac of University dissertations…
Apparel Objects of cultural heritage, such as traditional folklore wear, theatrical costumes or clerical outfits
Architectural landmark Buildings, bridges and other objects classified as architectural landmarks
Artefact An artistic product, anything created by human art or craft
Article (from periodical media) An independent text published as a part of a journal
Arts and crafts Objects of cultural and historical heritage, created by craftsmen’s methods (craft products, objects of folk art)
Audio Recordings of sound on celluloid tape or other media
Audio-visual document A document where sound and/or depiction dominate and which requires a special device for watching or screening/hearing; it includes sound documents, like recordings, tapes, cassettes, CDs, DVDs, digital recordings, picture records like projection sheets, positives and combined audio-visual documents like films, videos etc. Microforms are not included.
Authorities Commonly used word or group of words to label generally respected persons, families, corporations, chronological and geographical dates under certain norms
Authority (Personal) Public figures – a type of nominal authority containing the name of a person as an author or a person who is the subject of a document, or whom the document concerns
Authority of a family or lineage Authorities containing the name of a family or lineage, where a family or lineage refers to two or more people connected by birth, marriage, adoption or identical legal status.
Authority (Corporate) Institutionalized authorities - a type of nominal authority containing the name of a corporate author, used for the registration of organizations, groups of people, temporary groups (gatherings, meetings, conferences, congresses or exhibitions…)
Authority (Geographical) Geographical names - a type of nominal authority containing a geographical name. It is used for the registration of terrestrial or extra-terrestrial geographical locations and also for the registration of various geographical objects (TANAP, The Great Moravian Empire, Bojnice etc.)
Authority (chronological) A time period – an authority whose base is the label for a particular time frame, period or era (Modernity, Baroque)
CAIR (The Central Application Infrastructure and Registry) – A central information system, which facilitates the digitalization of objects from various cultural institutions, which are systematically aligned and made publically accessible according to given methodologies.
Cartographic document Typically a representation of a concrete or abstract phenomenon, in small scale, that can be localized in time or space; it includes documents such as two or three-dimensional maps, globes, plans, topographic models, relief maps and spatial representations. It does not include roadmaps, atlases and other printed cartographic volumes, microfilms or audiovisual and electronic records.
Collection A collection of documents gathered together based on their common characteristics, without regard for their origin.
Copyright law A legal norm, which conditions relationships arising from the creation and use of an art-piece or a performance, the creation and use of a sound recording, an audio-visual recording or broadcast, from the design and use of a computer program or database in a manner which secures the rights and interests of the author, the performing artist, the producer of a recording, an audio-visual piece a media broadcast or the author of a computer program or designer of a database. This law also adjusts the safeguarding of rights subjected to this law
Cultural object A material, tangible, real object (like a book or a painting), as well as a non-material object (like a folk-dance or a craftsman’s method) of lasting scientific, historical, cultural or artistic importance; an object of cultural worth might be a natural site which bears witness to the development of nature and has lasting scientific or historical relevance
Digitalization The capturing and conversion of physical cultural records into digital form, with the purpose of their archiving; it is a process of reproducing objects of cultural heritage and their subsequent storage. It consists of two parts: the digitalization of knowledge (recording accessible information about the object and archiving it) and digital visualization (creating a digital object/record of the artefact itself). A database is created, with data about the objects of cultural heritage. The separate phases of digitalization are: the selection of cultural objects, their structured description, any restoration work, the digitalization itself and archiving, enabling access in the system. The separate steps are modified depending on the type of cultural object concerned.
Digital object An information unit with defined content, which is created through the process of digitalization or obtained in digital form as a part of a collection; it represents the cultural object or is the cultural object in itself. A cultural object, for instance a vase may have several digital versions, e.g. photos or a 3D model.
Document Recorded information or a material object, which may be subject to adaptation in the process of documentation. Documents differ in their physical form and their characteristics.
Drawing A picture created by using a solid mineral tool such as charcoal or a sharp object such as a pen
Drone A type of a small flying device on remote control, which is able to capture video-recordings and photographs, the more efficient devices can be controlled by pre-programmed flight parameters
Engraving A print created through a press plate engraved by hand or by fretting tools
Film Audio-visual pieces recorded on celluloid tape
Folk architecture Architecture which utilizes local sources in construction; it includes buildings and other estates and monuments, which refer to traditions, trends, historical development, natural resources of a certain area within a longer time-frame
Graphic document A printed document, in which picture representation is dominant; it involves artistic prints, artistic originals, reproductions, photographs, posters, educational prints, technical drawings and others
Historical relic A piece of architecture, a monument, a memorial, a grave, an urban or residential formation, which stands witness to a certain civilization, an important development or historical event
Historical plant-scape Parks, alleys, trees – solitary and other plants classified as historical plant-scape
Identifier An object with a role of referring to something with an identity
Incunabula (cradle book) An early printed book, printed in Europe before 1.1.1501
Intermedia, Installation, other media Pieces of cultural and historical heritage inter-connecting 2 categories – for instance a drawing and a piece of poetry in one, or a painting and a theatre piece in one, for instance an event, a video, conceptual art or street art
Manuscript An original document written by hand or on a typing machine
Map A simplified and shrunken representation depicting the Earth’s surface, the sky and other geographical objects, which can be localized in space and time
Memorial and funding institutions (MFI) A common name for institutions which administer collections or archives of cultural objects (museums, galleries, libraries, memorial funds, film funds…
Monography A scientific piece concerned with a particular scientific question or phenomenon; usually a printed publication, in one or more additional volumes
Monuments of urbanization Real estate in the field of urbanism, memorial zones or reservations
Monuments of science, technology and industrialization Real estate, for instance industrial objects, factories…
Multimedia document A document combining several informative media (text, graphic depiction, photography, video, audio) for interactive use, usually in digital format
Musical piece A document, the content of which is a representation of music, usually a visual notation in the form of a musical score
Natural heritage Natural phenomena created by various physical and biological processes; which result in a unique occurrence with great aesthetic, scientific or other value. Geological and physiographical formations and specific areas where endangered valuable species of plants and animals occur, or locations of unique scientific value or natural beauty and bounty; natural locations of world-wide importance and relevance, either in terms of variety, science or aesthetics
Non-tangible cultural heritage The knowledge, practice, methods, depictions, expressions, conclusions, abilities, as well as the tools, objects and artefacts and the places connected thereto, which are considered a part of the cultural heritage of groups, societies and in some instances, individuals. The non-tangible cultural heritage is passed on from generation to generation and constantly recreated as a result of interaction with the surrounding environment, with nature and with one’s own history; it provides a feeling of identity and continuity, supporting thereby the respect for cultural variety and human creativity.
Object Whatever perceivable or imaginable (an object, phenomenon or person) towards which a certain action is aimed: an object of perception, investigation, observation…
OPIS (Operational program for the automatization of society) A governmental program, funded in part by the EU structural funds, with the following 4 priorities:
  1. Automatization of public administration and the development of electronic services – e-Government
  2. The development of memorial and funding institutions – e-Content and e-Culture
  3. The increase of access to Broadband Internet Services
  4. Technical aid
Within the hub priorities, various digitalization projects have been adapted. The aim of the priority hub n.2, which includes the projects of digitalization of the Slovak cultural heritage, is to increase the quality of gathering, processing, safe-guarding and utilizing digital content, the digitalization of the content of memorial and funding institutions, the archiving and enabling access to digital data and the utilization of cultural, scientific and intellectual property.
Pamphlet A monography of no more than 48 pages
Panorama A picture which captures a wide, wholesome image of a phenomenon, for example natural scenery
Periodical (Journal) A periodically published printed medium, for instance a magazine; the document may be printed or electronic, usually it is labelled chronologically, without a chronological limit and not dependent on the periodicity.
Post-card A card used for correspondence, mainly sent by post, usually with an image on one side
Poster A one-page print, designed for display on a flat surface, a public announcement promoting a cultural piece, activity, phenomenon etc.
Publication A document, usually published in multiple copies, intended for general public spreading
Series (or strip) A piece of literature, film, music or visual art composed of several parts, or published in series to be continued (e.g. a series of articles on related topics)
Source document A document containing contributions or separately identifiable parts, which are neither physically nor bibliographically independent
Tag An index (name) allocated to a piece of information or a group of data on a portal; usually the key word is used as a tag, or commonly used phrases or terms, which best express the essence of the information concerned (for instance “design” is a tag for all information concerning design).
Text document Archive records, old prints, books, newspapers/series and articles, any other form of printed material, microfilm, microfiche, manuscripts (hand-written text) and musical scores
Thesaurus Hierarchically organized values for the definition of the properties of an object
Traditional folk culture An overview of material and immaterial products of human activity, created in traditional societies and tied with the social segments referred to as “folk” (in Slovakia, these are mainly peasants, craftsmen, workers and other non-privileged social groups). It has been passed on from generation to generation by oral tradition, re-enactment and less frequently, by written form. Traditional folk culture as a wholesome and lively system has declined gradually with the modernization of society, but many of its phenomena have become a source of cultural and societal identity and they are maintained as an expression of local, regional or national cultural heritage.
Utilization of pieces Hereby we understand mainly the processing of a piece, connecting the piece with another, registering the piece into a database, creating a copy of the piece or introducing the piece into public attention. The utilization of a piece must adhere to the provisions of the Copyright laws.
Video Audiovisual records stored on a medium other than celluloid tape
Visual architectural monuments Res immobiles of visual art; anaglyphs, sculptures, chapels, wayside shrines, crucifixions, gravestones and others
Volume A physical unit of a printed document composed of a certain number of pages bound in one binding